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28 марта, 2013

Before beginning to draft your CV/résumé, read the advert carefully so that you are clear about the specific requirements of the job you’re applying for. It’s important to tailor both your application letter and the CV/résumé to the job in question, focusing on qualifications and experience that are particularly relevant.

Dos and Don’ts
Here are some general points to bear in mind when preparing your CV/résumé:


  • keep your CV/résumé brief and concise: there is no need to go into a lot of detail about your education or employment history.
  • try to keep your CV/résumé to one or two sides of A4 paper.
  • use brief, informative sentences, short paragraphs, and standard English.
  • when describing your responsibilities and achievements, start each point with an action verb (such as teaching, leading, developing): this creates more impact.
  • use bold type or bullet points to highlight key information.
  • proofread for spelling, grammar, or punctuation mistakes: many employers routinely discard CVs/résumés that contain this type of mistake.
  • update your CV/résumé regularly as your situation changes.


  • go into too much detail: employers are too busy to read rambling or unfocused CVs/résumés.
  • leave gaps in your employment history: add a sentence or two explaining any periods that are not accounted for.
  • use too many different fonts or typefaces: keep to one or two that are clear and easy to read.
  • use inappropriate colours, graphics, or photos.
  • name people as referees unless you’ve confirmed that they’re happy to provide a reference for you.

Structuring your CV/résumé

A CV/résumé should be clear and well structured, with a limited number of main sections, so that an employer can pinpoint the information they’re looking for quickly and easily. Here are some broad guidelines on how to structure an effective CV/résumé.

Personal details

Always begin with your personal details, i.e.:

  • name
  • address
  • telephone number (home and/or mobile)
  • email address (personal, rather than work)
  • personal profile





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